Asthma in childhood may increase risk of shingles

Nearly 1 million incidences of herpes zoster, which is also known as shingles, occur every year in the U.S., with an estimated one-third of all adults affected by age 80. Despite its prevalence, particularly between ages 50 and 59, it is still unclear ...

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Physicists come up with a way to make cleaner fuel cells

An international group of scientists from Russia, France, and Germany have developed ion-exchange synthetic membranes based on amphiphilic compounds that are able to convert the energy of chemical reactions into electrical current. The new development ...

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Factors predicting low patient accrual in cancer clinical trials

Nearly one in four publicly sponsored cancer clinical trials fail to enroll enough participants to draw valid conclusions about treatments or techniques. Such trials represent a waste of scarce human and economic resources and contribute little to med...

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Microorganisms in the womb set stage for diseases

Researchers review importance of microorganisms that exist in the gut, suggesting perturbation of the environment during pregnancy, delivery and early infancy could impact the developing baby's early microbiome and set the stage for health problems lat...

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New breast cancer drug may be effective against other types of cancer

Palbociclib, a new oral drug whose efficacy in combating breast cancer has been demonstrated alone and in combination with endocrine therapy, also has potential to combat other types of cancer, according to a literature review and additional original r...

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No easy answers in UW study of legal marijuana’s impact on alcohol use

Does legalization of marijuana lead pot users to drink more, or are they likely to substitute alcohol for weed? A new paper by University of Washington researchers seeks to discover how changing marijuana laws affect the use of alcohol, the nation's mo...

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Expanded regimens associated with improved treatment response in MDR-TB

Treating multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR TB) with regimens that include a greater number of drugs may improve outcomes, and baseline drug susceptibility testing (DST) could identify drugs with the greatest likelihood of success, according to a pa...

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Thermal microscopy of single cells

Researchers in France working wondered whether it might be possible to tap into active thermography camera technology -- behind night-vision equipment and the thermal imaging of buildings -- to create a sort of thermal microscope to produce heat maps o...

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Reptile fossils offer clues about elevation history of Andes Mountains

Tortoise and turtle fossils, the first from the Miocene epoch found in Bolivia, suggest the Altiplano, near Quebrada Honda, was likely less than a kilometer above sea level 13 million years ago. Fossils of leaves and other animals support the suggestion.

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NASA looks at deadly weather over the US

NASA's Global Precipitation Measurement or GPM mission core satellite analyzed extreme weather that affected the US over the course of five days. Heavy rainfall, flooding and tornado outbreaks affected areas of the United States from the Southwest thro...

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Clinical research experts comment on the state of their fields

In an Editorial published this week in PLOS Medicine, editors ask an international panel of eleven expert researchers and clinicians spanning a range of specialties to answer questions on their field and what developments they hope and expect to see in...

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Geomorphic impact of the flooding caused by Tropical Storm Lee in September 2011

In their article for Geosphere, R. Craig Kochel and colleagues discuss the geomorphic impact of the flooding caused from Tropical Storm Lee in September 2011 on several large watersheds of the Susquehanna River in the Appalachian Plateau region of nort...

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Improving accuracy in genomic mapping with time-series data

Researchers at the University of Minnesota and BioNano Genomics have improved a nanochannel-based form of mapping by using dynamic time-series data to measure the probability distribution, or how much genetic material separates two labels, based on whe...

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